The purpose of this phase is to teach another 25 graphemes, most of them comprising two letters (e.g. oa), so the children can represent each of about 42 phonemes by a grapheme (the additional phoneme /zh/ found in the word vision will be taught at Phase Five). Children also continue to practise CVC blending and segmentation in this phase and will apply their knowledge of blending and segmenting to reading and spelling simple two-syllable words and captions. They will learn letter names during this phase, learn to read some more tricky words and also begin to learn to spell some of these words.
Set 6: j, v, w, x* Set 7: y, z, zz, qu*
*The sounds traditionally taught for the letters x and qu (/ks/ and /kw/) are both two phonemes, but children do not need to be taught this, at this stage as it does not affect how the letters are used.
ch, sh, th, ng,
ai, ee, igh, oa, oo
ar, or, ur, ow, oi,
ear, air, ure, er